On this date in 1839, John Ballance was born in Ireland, the first of 11 children. The ironmonger's apprentice emigrated first to Birmingham, then, with his new wife, to New Zealand. Ballance began publishing The Wanganui Herald. First elected to the House of Representatives in 1875 on a ticket calling for free education, Ballance later became Minister of Education, and Minister of Finance. He was then appointed Native Minister, and Minister for Defence and Lands. Ballance founded his country's Liberal Party. In 1891, Ballance was elected the 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand as a Liberal. He is credited with many progressive reforms, improving government relations with Maoris, and calling for the "absolute equality of the sexes." As premier, Ballance secured the right to vote for his countrywomen, making New Zealand the first country to do so. His religious affiliation is listed as "freethinker." Joseph McCabe, in A Biographical Dictionary of Rationalists, termed Ballance "an outspoken Rationalist and a high-minded Humanitarian." D. 1893.
Compiled by Annie Laurie Gaylor
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