Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression

Sexual Orientation: Religious support for LGB rights varies across different groups. Many conservative sects, such as the Roman Catholic Church, the Southern Baptist Convention, and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), among others, oppose LGB rights. Meanwhile, many liberal-leaning Protestant denominations, as well as many Reform and Conservative Jewish communities, openly support LGB rights. Those who identify as religiously unaffiliated are among the most likely to support LGB rights. In general,, acceptance of homosexuality, same-sex marriage, and LGB rights have greatly increased over the past several years, with support for same-sex marriage reaching a record high of 71 percent in 2022.

Gender Identity/Expression: Overall, rates of acceptance of transgender, nonbinary and gender nonconforming identities and rights in the United States are lower than that of LGB rights. However, recent research has shown that support for trans rights is generally increasing as more and more people become aware of trans issues and get to know trans and gender nonconforming people in their everyday lives — particularly true when it comes to discrimination in jobs, housing and public access.

In terms of religious attitudes, support for trans rights follows similar patterns as support for LGB rights, with evangelical Protestants showing the most opposition and religiously unaffiliated Americans showing the most support.

Freedom From Religion Foundation