Freethought of the Day

Would you like to start your day on a freethought note? "Freethought of the Day" is a daily freethought calendar brought to you courtesy of the Freedom From Religion Foundation, highlighting birthdates, quotes, and other historic tidbits.

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There are 2 entries for this date: Adam Smith and Edme Marie Gustave Tridon
Adam Smith

Adam Smith

On this date in 1723, Adam Smith was born in Scotland. He was educated at Glasgow University, where he won an exhibition giving him a scholarship to Oxford, on the condition that he become a minister of the Church of Scotland. A rationalist, he ignored the condition. Smith became chair of logic, then moral philosophy, at Glasgow University, where he sought unsuccessfully to discontinue classroom prayers and religious duties. Adam served as dean of the faculty from 1760 to 1762, when he became vice-rector. He was on friendly terms with Glasgow's elite freethinkers, including David Hume and deistic engineer James Watt. Smith's Theory of the Moral Sentiment was published in 1759. As tutor to the young Duke of Buccleuch, he lived in France for a while, where he became friendly with Voltaire, Rousseau, and the French Encyclopedists. In 1767, he joined the Royal Society. His master work, Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, was published in 2 volumes in 1776. The classic explanation of the free market was quickly translated into many other languages. In 1777, Smith's Life of Hume came out, clearly endorsing Hume's rationalist views. After Smith became Lord Rector of Glasgow University in 1787—a position requiring that he bow to convention—he begged off aiding in the posthumous publication of Hume's Dialogues on Natural Religion. Smith was said to have burned 16 volumes of his own manuscripts before his death. He advised, "Virtue is more to be feared than vice, because its excesses are not subject to the regulation of conscience." During his lifetime, Smith had made many secret acts of charity. D. 1790.

“Science is the great antidote to the poison of enthusiasm and superstition.”

—-Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, 1776

Compiled by Annie Laurie Gaylor

© Freedom From Religion Foundation. All rights reserved.

Edme Marie Gustave Tridon

On this date in 1841, Edme Marie Gustave Tridon was born in France. He prepared for the law, but, as he came from a wealthy family, never practiced it. His 1864 study of the Hebertists was seized by police. For founding and editing Le Candide, described as a Voltairean publication, Tridon was sentenced to 6 months in prison. His new publication, La Critique, which he founded after his release, was also censored, and in 1867 he spent five months in prison. After he was prosecuted once more in 1870, Tridon escaped to Belgium, and was deported in absentia. Tridon returned when the Revolution occurred, and was elected to the National Assembly, but was forced to flee once more to Belgium. Dispirited, he committed suicide. Freethought biographer Joseph McCabe wrote: "Tridon was a fine type of the militant Frenchman of the days of reaction: a rich man who faced prison and exile cheerfully for others. His Rationalist views are best seen in his Molochisme Juif (1884, posthumously published) and articles in La Libre Pensee" (A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Rationalists). D. 1871.

Compiled by Annie Laurie Gaylor

© Freedom From Religion Foundation. All rights reserved.

Freethought of the Day

Would you like to start your day on a freethought note? "Freethought of the Day" is a daily freethought calendar brought to you courtesy of the Freedom From Religion Foundation, highlighting birthdates, quotes, and other historic tidbits.

If you would like to be placed on the "Daily Freethought" e-mail list to automatically receive the calendar notice, log in and edit your email settings (My Membership). Or, email  and include your first and last name with your request for verification purposes. This email service is limited to members of the Freedom From Religion Foundation or subscribers to Freethought Today. To become an FFRF member, click here.


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