Freethought of the Day

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There are 3 entries for this date: George Santayana (Quote) , Johnny Carson and Ned Rorem
George Santayana (Quote)

George Santayana (Quote)

“Christianity persecuted, tortured, and burned. Like a hound it tracked the very scent of heresy. It kindled wars, and nursed furious hatreds and ambitions. It sanctified, quite like Mohammedanism, extermination and tyranny.

—Santayana, philosopher (1863-1952), "Christian Morality," "Little Essays, No. 107"

Compiled by Annie Laurie Gaylor

© Freedom From Religion Foundation. All rights reserved.

Johnny Carson

Johnny Carson

On this date in 1925, television host and comedian John William “Johnny” Carson was born to Ruth and Homer Carson in Corning, Iowa. He spent his childhood in Iowa and Nebraska and by age 14 was performing magic tricks locally as “The Great Carsoni.” After a stint in the U.S. Navy, he attended the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, earning a bachelor's in radio and speech along with a minor in physics. Carson started his broadcasting career as a host for WOW’s radio and television programs in Omaha.

Moving to Los Angeles in 1951, he grew a fan base with “Carson’s Cellar” on KNXT-TV and worked for Red Skelton as a writer. He also hosted several game and variety shows, including “To Tell the Truth, “Who Do You Trust?” and short-lived “The Johnny Carson Show.” In 1962 he replaced Jack Paar on NBC’s “The Tonight Show” and proceeded to become one of the highest paid and most beloved entertainers in history. He hosted "Tonight" until May 22, 1992, and received six Emmy Awards, a Peabody and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Carson was a major financial supporter over the years of the James Randi Educational Foundation and regularly featured skeptic James Randi, who exposed several televangelists on the show.  Randi treasures a letter from Carson in which he quoted the philosopher Francis Bacon's admonition that "a credulous man is a deceiver." Quiet and reclusive in his private life, he preferred to avoid public events and interviews but occasionally engaged in them. "In my living room I would argue for liberalization of abortion laws, divorce laws, and there are times when I would like to express a view on the air. I would love to have taken on Billy Graham. But I'm on TV five nights a week; I have nothing to gain by it and everything to lose." (Life magazine, Jan. 23, 1970.)

In 1981 he created the John W. Carson Foundation to support children's charities, education and health services. Upon his death he left the foundation $156 million. He also donated millions to the University of Nebraska and to causes in his hometown of Norfolk. He married four times and had three sons from his first marriage. Richard, his middle son, died tragically in a car accident in 1991. He died at age 79 of complications from emphysema in 2005. As per his wishes, he was cremated and no public memorial service was held.

"[I]t appears that religion was a more casual affair in the Carson household than it was in the Welks’, and Johnny apparently never made church-going part of his adult lifestyle nor considered religion to be an important part of his life."

—Historian John Miller, "From the Great Plains to L.A.: the Intersecting Paths of Lawrence Welk and Johnny Carson" (Virginia Quarterly Review, Spring 2003)

Public domain photo by CBS/Gabor Rona

© Freedom From Religion Foundation. All rights reserved.

Ned Rorem

Ned Rorem

On this date in 1923, Pulitzer Prize-winning composer Ned Rorem was born in Richmond, Ind., where he was raised as a Quaker. He studied at the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, the American Conservatory of Music, Northwestern University, the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia and the Julliard School in New York City. A hugely prolific composer, Rorem wrote operas, symphonies, chamber music, concertos and numerous vocal works.

He lived in France for nine years and In 1966 published The Paris Diary of Ned Rorem, an account of his sexuality and that of his partners, who allegedly included Leonard Bernstein, Noël Coward, John Cheever, Samuel Barber and Virgil Thomson. He also wrote extensively about music. His essays, collected in the anthologies Music From the Inside Out (1967), Music and People (1968) and Setting the Tone (1983), are generally acclaimed by critics for his prose style and revealing looks at contemporaries.

Rorem was the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship (1951), Guggenheim Fellowship (1957), National Institute of Arts and Letters Award (1968) and Pulitzer Prize for Music (1976) for his suite "Air Music: Ten Etudes of Orchestra." Time magazine called him “the world’s best composer of art songs.” His companion of 30 years, James Holmes, an organist and choir director, died at age 59 of AIDS in 1999 at their home in New York City.

Library of Congress photo: Rorem at age 30.

“Now that I'm closer than I was a year ago to the unknown, I'm very much an atheist and more so every day. I think we've invented God to give some sort of meaning to life because life doesn't have any meaning. We've certainly invented money for that and we've invented art for that. It helps us kill time before time kills us. I'm not in despair, but I'm melancholy most of the time. But if I died today I'm not ashamed of what I've created.”

—Rorem, quoted in the San Francisco Chronicle (Sept. 10, 2003)

Compiled by Paul Epland

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