Herbert Spencer

On this date in 1820, Herbert Spencer was born in England. The agnostic philosopher was educated in engineering, but worked as a journalist and writer. Spencer became good friends with leading thinkers and writers, such as Thomas Huxley and novelist George Eliot. His Principles of Psychology was published in 1855, followed by a series of major works on the principles of biology, sociology, education and ethics. Spencer, in Social Statics, (1850) wrote: "Whatever fosters militarism makes for barbarism; whatever fosters peace makes for civilization." D. 1903.

“Religion has been compelled by science to give up one after another of its dogmas, of those assumed cognitions which it could not substantiate..”

—Herbert Spencer, First Principles, 1862

Compiled by Annie Laurie Gaylor

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