Rep. Juan Mendez
March 3, 2016
The traditional opening prayer given prior to the start of the session of the Arizona House was given by atheist Democrat Juan Mendez, but since it did not reference a higher power, Republicans in the House were upset and had a Baptist minister give another prayer that gave thanks to God.
After Mendez' invocation, House Majority Leader Steve Montenegro said the decision not to pray to God didn't meet the rules he issued for the opening prayer.
Earlier this year, Mendez signed up to give an invocation, but Montenegro blocked him, citing an unofficial rule that all invocations had to be made to a higher power.
"Prayer, as commonly understood and in the long-honored tradition of the Arizona House of Representatives, is a solemn request for guidance and help from God," Montenegro wrote. He said anything else, including a moment of silence, does not count.
Seráh Blain was at the meeting and told Hemant Mehta what happened, which he published on his Friendly Atheist blog: "Immediately after Mendez gave it, House Majority leader Montenegro rose for a point of order saying that the rule calling for the House to open with a prayer was not fulfilled. Speaker of the House [Andy] Tobin said the point was well taken and called on a minister waiting in the wings to give a prayer to our heavenly father. Representative [Rusty] Bowers took a point of personal privilege to accuse Mendez of impugning people who pray."
Here is the invocation Mendez gave:
"We are here today, as everyday, to represent our pluralistic society — of which I am grateful to again be included in.
To represent that beauty of our multi-cultural state that reflects our diversity of color, of heritage, of religion and lack thereof.
Spanning across communities both urban and rural; we are the same. Yearning to better our lives. Looking to better the lives of others.
Let us embrace those that want to help our society grow. Let us accept each other for our differences. Let us work to help those we represent flourish.
We need not tomorrow's promise of reward, to do good deeds today. For some may seek the assistance of a higher power with hands in the air, there are those of us that are prepared to assist directly, with our hands to the earth.
Take these words to heart as we move this great state of Arizona forward: It is our responsibility to honor the Constitution and the secular equality it brings.
And so shall it be."
Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc.
Absolutely nothing! The word "abortion" does not appear in any translation of the bible!
Out of more than 600 laws of Moses, none comments on abortion. One Mosaic law about miscarriage specifically contradicts the claim that the bible is antiabortion, clearly stating that miscarriage does not involve the death of a human being. If a woman has a miscarriage as the result of a fight, the man who caused it should be fined. If the woman dies, however, the culprit must be killed:
"If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
"And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, Eye for eye, tooth for tooth . . ."--Ex. 21:22-25
The bible orders the death penalty for murder of a human being, but not for the expulsion of a fetus.
When Does Life Begin?
According to the bible, life begins at birth--when a baby draws its first breath. The bible defines life as "breath" in several significant passages, including the story of Adam's creation in Genesis 2:7, when God "breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul." Jewish law traditionally considers that personhood begins at birth.
Desperate for a biblical basis for their beliefs, some antiabortionists cite obscure passages, usually metaphors or poetic phrasing, such as: "Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me." Psalm 51:5 This is sexist, but does nothing other than to invoke original sin. It says nothing about abortion.
The Commandments, Moses, Jesus and Paul ignored every chance to condemn abortion. If abortion was an important concern, why didn't the bible say so?
Thou Shalt Not Kill?
Many antiabortionists quote the sixth commandment, "Thou shalt not kill" (Ex. 20:13) as evidence that the bible is antiabortion. They fail to investigate the bible's definition of life (breath) or its deafening silence on abortion. Moreover, the Mosaic law in Exodus 21:22-25, directly following the Ten Commandments, makes it clear that an embryo or fetus is not a human being.
An honest reader must admit that the bible contradicts itself. "Thou shalt not kill" did not apply to many living, breathing human beings, including children, who are routinely massacred in the bible. The Mosaic law orders "Thou shalt kill" people for committing such "crimes" as cursing one's father or mother (Ex. 21:17), for being a "stubborn son" (Deut. 21:18-21), for being a homosexual (Lev. 20:13), or even for picking up sticks on the Sabbath (Numbers 15:32-35)! Far from protecting the sanctity of life, the bible promotes capital punishment for conduct which no civilized person or nation would regard as criminal.
Mass killings were routinely ordered, committed or approved by the God of the bible. One typical example is Numbers 25:4-9, when the Lord casually orders Moses to massacre 24,000 Israelites: "Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the Lord against the sun." Clearly, the bible is not pro-life!
Most scholars and translators agree that the injunction against killing forbade only the murder of (already born) Hebrews. It was open season on everyone else, including children, pregnant women and newborn babies.
Does God Kill Babies?
"Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones."--Psalm 137:9
The bible is not pro-child. Why did God set a bear upon 42 children just for teasing a prophet (2 Kings 2:23-24)? Far from demonstrating a "pro-life" attitude, the bible decimates innocent babies and pregnant women in passage after gory passage, starting with the flood and the wanton destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, progressing to the murder of the firstborn child of every household in Egypt (Ex. 12:29), and the New Testament threats of annihilation.
Space permits only a small sampling of biblical commandments or threats to kill children:
Numbers 31:17 Now therefore kill every male among the little ones.
Deuteronomy 2:34 utterly destroyed the men and the women and the little ones.
Deuteronomy 28:53 And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters.
I Samuel 15:3 slay both man and woman, infant and suckling.
2 Kings 8:12 dash their children, and rip up their women with child.
2 Kings 15:16 all the women therein that were with child he ripped up.
Isaiah 13:16 Their children also shall be dashed to pieces before their eyes; their houses shall be spoiled and their wives ravished.
Isaiah 13:18 They shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eyes shall not spare children.
Lamentations 2:20 Shall the women eat their fruit, and children.
Ezekiel 9:6 Slay utterly old and young, both maids and little children.
Hosea 9:14 give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
Hosea 13:16 their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child shall be ripped up.
Then there are the dire warnings of Jesus in the New Testament:
"For, behold, the days are coming, in which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the womb that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck."--Luke 23:29
The teachings and contradictions of the bible show that antiabortionists do not have a "scriptural base" for their claim that their deity is "pro-life." Spontaneous abortions occur far more often than medical abortions. Gynecology textbooks conservatively cite a 15% miscarriage rate, with one medical study finding a spontaneous abortion rate of almost 90% in very early pregnancy. That would make a deity in charge of nature the greatest abortionist in history!
Are Bible Teachings Kind to Women?
The bible is neither antiabortion nor pro-life, but does provide a biblical basis for the real motivation behind the antiabortion religious crusade: hatred of women. The bible is anti-woman, blaming women for sin, demanding subservience, mandating a slave/master relationship to men, and demonstrating contempt and lack of compassion:
"I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee."--Genesis 3:16
What self-respecting woman today would submit willingly to such tyranny?
The antiabortion position does not demonstrate love for humanity, or compassion for real human beings. Worldwatch Institute statistics show that 50% of abortions worldwide are illegal, and that at least 200,000 women die every year--and thousands more are hurt and maimed--from illegal or self-induced abortions. Unwanted pregnancies and complications from multiple pregnancies are a leading killer of women. Why do antiabortionists want North American women to join these ghastly mortality statistics? Every day around the world more than 40,000 people, mostly children, die from starvation or malnutrition. We must protect and cherish the right to life of the already-born.
Do Churches Support Abortion Rights?
Numerous Christian denominations and religious groups agree that the bible does not condemn abortion and that abortion should continue to be legal. These include:
American Baptist Churches-USA
American Ethical Union
American Friends (Quaker) Service Committee
American Jewish Congress
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
Lutheran Women's Caucus
Moravian Church in America-Northern Province
Presbyterian Church (USA)
Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Union of American Hebrew Congregations
Unitarian Universalist Association
United Church of Christ
United Methodist Church
United Synagogue of America
Women's Caucus Church of the Brethren
Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice
Catholics for Free Choice
Evangelicals for Choice
Belief that "a human being exists at conception" is a matter of faith, not fact. Legislating antiabortion faith would be as immoral and unAmerican as passing a law that all citizens must attend Catholic mass!
The bible does not condemn abortion; but even if it did, we live under a secular constitution, not in a theocracy. The separation of church and state, the right to privacy, and women's rights all demand freedom of choice.
Nontract No. 7.
© 1995 by Annie Laurie Gaylor. All rights reserved.
Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc.
PO BOX 750, Madison WI 53701
Leon County (Fla.) Commission
April 28, 2015
Words matter. As we gather here today, like many Tuesdays, we stand ready and eager to unite and conduct business as usual. Most meetings use this time to begin procedure with prayer. To some, prayer is a staple of public works. To others, it is a deviation from what our government is constructed to do. Whatever side you may fall on, what we say and how we say it can have implications that extend beyond our immediate surroundings.
Thoughts matter. We all have our convictions, some of which are identical, others which conflict and contradict. That secularism, atheism and even non-Christian belief systems are overwhelmingly underrepresented in Leon County should worry all of us. That today this history changes is cause for optimism.
Actions matter. Rather than bow, fall prostrate, or look inward to connect ourselves to the heavens, let us focus on the one tangible reality we all know and share: each other. Whether we agree with one another or not, it is through cooperation and sacrifice that this county churns, burns and thrives. Ask yourselves: Why are you here, and how do you care to express this motive? Through what you say? How you think? What you do? Today I open our County Commission meeting suggesting we reassess what unity is so that our community can truly grow strong together. E pluribus unum. For it is out of many that a unified voice comes into being.
Peter D.A. Wood is a PhD candidate at Florida State University. Raised in Davenport, Iowa, Peter volunteers for Big Brothers Big Sisters of the Big Bend, is treasurer of the Secular Student Alliance at FSU, and serves as a board member for the Center for Inquiry's Tallahassee community. His essay, "Religions are responsible for their unclear teachings" earned him a fifth-place award in FFRF's 2015 Brian Bolton graduate college essay contest.
Oak Ridge (Tenn.)
Jan. 11, 2016
Here is the full transcript of Aleta's invocation. The mayor of Oak Ridge cut her off in mid-sentence when she still had more than 30 seconds to go.
Good evening, council of Oak Ridge.
As I solemnize these proceedings, I want to acknowledge the service of the council members and share appreciation for their willingness to be a part of the governmental process. We owe a debt of gratitude to those who take on the burden of public office. Thank you for your service to the citizens of Oak Ridge.
Now, let us not bow our heads, but hold them high with eyes open so that we may keep them focused on the issues facing Oak Ridge in order that they may be considered with reason and compassion.
When this body comes together to govern, they do so with the consent of the citizens of Oak Ridge. Oak Ridge is a very diverse community with many different views and opinions. I urge the members of the City Council to face the future and their civic duties with full recognition of their responsibilities to all the citizens of Oak Ridge. I urge you to maintain our trust that you will recognize and serve equally the growing diversity of your constituents with favoritism toward none. Realize that this growing diversity encompasses not only many religions, but a growing contingent of those who have no religious affiliation, the "nones."
This community is made stronger by the diversity within it. Over 200 years ago our Constitution established a principle of inclusion as a shining example for the rest of the world, which has contributed to the astonishing success of our nation. When we forget or ignore it, we turn our backs on the wisdom of the founding fathers and tarnish their legacy, weakening our society in the process.
It is incumbent upon this council to make the best decisions for the community — the entire community. In this regard, I ask that you use reason, wisdom and empathy in your deliberations today, taking into account the implications your decisions will have now and into the future.
As this new year begins, remember that in honor of separation of church and state, no deities need to, nor should be invoked at the openings of your meetings. Doing so gives the appearance if not actual governmental preference to one group of citizens over others. The council is a civil body not a religious one, so should recognize that secular authority in government is not only sufficient, but preferable. James Madison, founding father and 4th President said it well:
"And I have no doubt that every new example will succeed, as every past one has done, in showing that religion & government will both exist in greater purity, the less they are mixed together."
Mayor and council members I appreciate the opportunity to offer an inspiring start to your meeting.
Now let this honored council proceed with its business, remembering also to honor all of its constituents, while upholding the principle of separation of church and state. Thank you.
Aleta is an FFRF Life member and secretary of the Rationalists of East Tennessee.
Currently, "The Boy Scouts of America maintain that no member can grow into the best kind of citizen without recognizing his obligation to God." BSA formally discriminates as nonreligious boys and their families, officially excluding atheists, agnostics and nonbelievers from membership. Social disapproval prompted BSA to drop a similar ban on membership against gay Scouts. But BSA persists in stigmatizing those who use reason and critical thought to evaluate religious claims, rather than relying on faith, tradition or authority.
To earn this badge, based on the Richard Dawkins' "A," help disprove BSA's bigotry against the nonreligious and its misguided claim that nonbelievers cannot be good citizens. Learn about secularism and the rich history of dissent from religion.
Because this "badge" is intended to protest BSA policy, you likely will not be able to go to your typical merit badge counselor to demonstrate you have completed the requirements. Please ask a parent, guardian, sibling over the age of 18, teacher or other adult in your life to serve in this counselor role and to sign the form attesting that you have completed the requirements.
Note: FFRF will also offer this badge to other freethinking boys (or girls) who may have decided not to join BSA because of its discriminatory policy, but otherwise would have wished to take part in Scouting activities. This badge will reward you for critical thinking, and be a freethought keepsake.
1. Read the Scout Oath, which says you will do your best "To do my duty to God and my country," and suggest how it could be rewritten to be more inclusive. BSA policy formally states: "The recognition of God as the ruling and leading power in the universe and the grateful acknowledgment of His favors and blessings are necessary to the best type of citizenship and are wholesome precepts in the education of the growing members." Explain to your counselor what you think is wrong with this statement.
2. Do TWO of the following:
a. Interview a veteran or current member of the military who is not religious, and ask about their experiences as an "atheist in a foxhole."
b. Interview three individuals who are not religious. These could include family members, students, teachers or activists in the freethought movement. Ask these individuals why they reject religion and what their experiences have been as a nonreligious individual in a society that stigmatizes nonbelief.
c. Select two nonreligious individuals from U.S. or world history who have contributed to social or moral progress. Find out about their accomplishments and discuss whether their absence of religious belief was relevant to their accomplishments.
d. Read the U.S. Constitution. Discuss with your counselor the references that exclude religion and why you think the U.S. framers thought it was so important to adopt the world's first godless and entirely secular written constitution.
3. Activism. Engage in some form of secular or freethought activism of your choice, Do one of the following:
a. Attend a secular convention, speech or event, staff a table for a secular organization, write a letter to the editor on freethought or state/church separation, or submit an article about freethought or state/church separation for your student newspaper.
b. Speak up if you hear atheism being derided or misunderstood, or if you hear such erroneous claims as "America is a Christian nation" or evolution attacked. Defend nontheism or the secular underpinnings of the United States in some public context, whether in class, at lunch with friends, a public event, etc.
c. Join and participate in secular student club (or if one doesn't exist in your school, apply to start one).
d. If your local governmental board regularly opens meetings with prayer, ask to be allowed to give a secular invocation and deliver one. (Be sure, if you choose this form of activism, to also enter FFRF's Nothing Fails Like Prayer contest!)
e. Sit down during the religious U.S. Pledge of Allegiance at your school or otherwise protest or challenge the religious pledge (in a nondisruptive manner).
4. Choose one the following:
a. Research the history of the Pledge of Allegiance and how "under God" was first added. Discuss with your counselor how it makes you feel to be asked to take a religious pledge at school.
b. Research the history of "In God We Trust" as a relatively new motto and how it gradually was placed on U.S. coins and currency along with the secular motto, "E Pluribus Unum." Discuss with your counselor how it makes you feel to be excluded as a nonbeliever from the nation's motto.
c. Research the song "God Bless America" (originally written in 1919 for a character to sing in a musical by the secular composer Irving Berlin), and how it makes you feel when you have been at a school, sporting or other event where this is played, or when you've otherwise encountered this slogan.
5. Do one of the following:
a. Watch one of these movies: Monty Python's "Life of Brian," "Contact," "Religulous," "Letting Go of God" DVD of the play by Julia Sweeney or any version of "Inherit the Wind," then discuss the merits of the movie's treatment of religion or atheism, and your reactions.
b. Learn and perform John Lennon's "Imagine" by instrument or voice. Discuss what the lyrics mean to you.
c. Read a biography about an author, artist, scientist or other famous individual who was not religious. Discuss this individual's contributions to the world.
d. Visit a museum that teaches about evolution, or design an experiment to test a religious claim, such as the power or prayer to change the physical world. Or discuss with your adviser the validity of untestable claims (such as Russell's celestial teapot or the existence of invisible mythical animals).
6. Write and submit a 200-300 word essay. Choose one of two following themes and write a persuasive essay about why BSA is wrong to claim "that no member can grow into the best kind of citizen without recognizing his obligation to God."
a. Select a nonreligious person or secular organization, either current or historic, whether it's someone famous or someone you know personally, and explain why you believe they were or are "good without God."
b. Write why you are "good without God" and/or why you are a good citizen without believing in a deity, including at least one or two reasons why you are a nonbeliever. You may wish to add how it makes you feel to know that BSA regards you as an undesirable member.
Submit your essay and this form from an adult attesting that you have completed the requirements, which should include your full name, mailing address and contact information, to:
(Your application and identity will be held in confidence.)
- Freedom From Religion Foundation
- Top 10 Public School State/Church Violations And Now to Stop Them
- Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science
- Center for Inquiry
- Appleman, Philip. Darwin. (Norton Critical Edition)
- Appleman, Philip. Darwin's Ark
- Barker, Dan, The Good Atheist
- Barker, Dan, GOD: The Most Unpleasant Character in All Fiction
- Barker, Dan, Godless.
- Barker, Dan, Losing Faith in Faith: From Preacher to Atheist
- Boghossian, Peter. A Manual for Creating Atheists
- Dawkins, Richard. A Devil's Chaplain
- Dawkins, Richard. Climbing Mount Improbable
- Dawkins, Richard. The God Delusion
- Dawkin, Richard. Unweaving the Rainbow
- Dennett, Daniel. With Linda LaScola. Caught in the Pulpit: Leaving Belief Behind.
- Dennett, Daniel. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon.
- Gaylor, Annie Laurie. Woe to the Women: The Bible Tells Me So
- Gaylor, Annie Laurie. Women Without Superstition: No Gods – No Masters. The first anthology of women freethinkers
- Green, Ruth, The Born Again Skeptic's Guide to the Bible
- Harris, Sam. The End of Faith
- Hirsi Ali, Ayaan. Infidel
- Hitchens, Christopher, God Is Not Great
- Konner, Joan. The Atheist's Bible
- Lindsay, Ronald. The Necessity of Secularism
- Mehta, Hemant. The Young Atheist's Survival Guide
- Morgan, Robin. Fighting Words: A Toolkit for Combating the Religious Right
- Russell, Bertrand. Why I Am Not a Christian
- Smith, George. Atheism: The Case Against God.
- Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. The Woman's Bible
- Sweeney, Julia, "Letting Go of God" (DVD)
- Paine, Thomas. The Age of Reason
- Pinn, Anthony, Writing God's Obituary
Earn a freethought badge and challenge BSA discrimination against nontheists
The Freedom From Religion Foundation has produced a badge to reward freethinking youths and to challenge the Boy Scouts of America's discriminatory policy against the nonreligious. The badge, based on the Dawkins' "A," is being issued in collaboration with the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science.
The Boy Scouts of America formally discriminates against nonreligious boys and their families, officially excluding atheists, agnostics and nonbelievers. Currently, BSA maintains "that no member can grow into the best kind of citizen without recognizing his obligation to God."
FFRF maintains that no one can grow into the best kind of citizen who discriminates against the nonreligious, and that it's what you do — not what you believe — that makes you a good person.
Social disapproval prompted BSA to largely drop a similar ban on membership against gay Scouts. But BSA persists in stigmatizing those who use reason and critical thought to evaluate religious claims.
FFRF, at the urging of its member Richard Kirschman, has produced a badge similar to BSA's merit badges, which are typically sewn on uniforms or sashes.
Scouts who wish to earn this badge are asked to help disprove BSA's misguided claim that nonbelievers cannot be good citizens. The requirements, paralleling typical merit badge requirements, ask Scouts to learn about secularism and the rich history of dissent from religion.
Because this unauthorized "badge" is intended to protest BSA policy, it's expected that Scouts won't be able to work with a typical merit badge counselor to demonstrate completion of requirements. So FFRF will ask a parent, guardian, sibling over the age of 18, teacher or other adult in their lives to attest that Scouts have fulfilled them. At Dawkins' suggestion, the Scout is also required to send FFRF a short essay that addresses BSA's claim that nonbelievers can't be good citizens. Unlike BSA badge providers, FFRF will not charge Scouts money for the badge.
FFRF intends the badge to reward Boy Scouts who have persevered in an organization that basically has instituted a 'Don't ask, don't tell' policy about atheist and agnostic participants, but has regularly expelled open nonbelievers. While BSA officials dictate the discriminatory policy, Scouting troops vary widely in their enforcement of the ban, so it's believed many Scouts are nonreligious.
But if any young boy — or girl — fulfills the requirements, FFRF will be delighted to reward them with this badge. Many nonreligious students who might otherwise wish to join BSA never join, knowing of its bigoted policy. This is their chance to be rewarded for critical thinking and to earn a keepsake at the same time.
FFRF hopes someday very soon that BSA itself will change its policy and adopt its own official merit badge rewarding critical thinking. It urges those who care about equality for nonbelieving children to contact BSA to protest this invidious discrimination.
To apply for a badge:
- Read and fulfill the requirements
- Remember to write the short, required essay referenced at the end of the Requirements.
Attn: Freethought Badge
PO Box 750
Madison WI 53701
Please help publicize this opportunity to young freethinkers in your life and community.
FFRF thanks Richard Kirschman for subsidizing the cost of the badges.
HB 837 uses new language to achieve the same result as last year’s SB 129, a so-called “Religious Freedom Restoration Act” bill that was appropriately killed after Indiana experienced national opposition, business outcry, and threats of boycotts for passing its state RFRA bill. The newly proposed HB 837 would apply the national RFRA to Georgia and would strip state officials of sovereign immunity protections if they interfere with a person’s sincerely held religious beliefs, even if that interference comes from a law that applies to everyone. The bill suffers from all the same flaws as Indiana’s bill, including allowing businesses and individuals to use religion to openly discriminate.
HB 816, the so-called “Georgia Student Religious Liberties Act of 2016,” begins by restating what is already required by the Constitution, that students be allowed to express their personal religious beliefs free from discrimination and pray “to the same extent that students may engage in nonreligious activities or expression.” No one objects to this. The bill then takes a sharp turn toward fostering religious privilege by forcing public schools to allow students to promote their personal religious beliefs at school-sponsored events. The legislators are well aware, of course, that a school forum will be dominated by students from the Christian majority while students who hold minority religious beliefs or practice no religion at all will be effectively silenced. The bill contemplates requiring student speakers at all football games and other athletic events, during morning announcements, at assemblies and pep rallies, and at graduation.
HB 757 purports to solve a problem that doesn’t exist: it decrees that no minister of the gospel shall be required to solemnize any marriage in violation of his or her right to free exercise of religion. That, of course, has always been the case. Church leaders can discriminate against whomever they wish when choosing to perform marriage ceremonies. Only the state must treat all legal marriages equally.
The bill goes on, however, to grant special status to those who worship on Saturday and Sunday, as traditional religious “rest days,” by making it illegal for a county or municipality to require a business to operate on either of those days. This is another clear example of legislating Judeo-Christian privilege. Never mind that Friday is the “day of rest” for many Muslims and for those of the Bahá'í Faith, while other minority religions observe rest days based on lunar cycles (Buddhists, Cherokees) or seasonal changes (Wiccans).
Finally, HB 757 legalizes discrimination by religious organizations. It allows them to refuse to let a person rent or otherwise use property “for purposes which are objectionable to such religious organization.” Among other problems, this law would legalize housing discrimination by religious organizations against gay families, religious minorities, and the nonreligious.