On this date in 1839, Manoel Jose d'Arriaga (also listed as "de Arriaga") was born in Portugal. d'Arriaga was educated at Coimbra University, where he became a republican and a rationalist, for which his father disinherited him. Considered a vibrant speaker, the lawyer and writer served as Republican Deputy for Funchal, Madeira, in 1882-84, and in Lisbon in 1890-92. He was elected as the first President of the Portuguese Republic in 1911. D'Arriaga served the full 4-year term, inaugurating many "progressive and anti-clerical measures," according to Joseph McCabe (A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Rationlists, 1920). D. 1917.