On this date in 1684, Jean Astruc was born in France. Astruc, a French physician, became the founder of bible criticism. He served as Professor of Anatomy at Toulouse, then Montpellier, and later Professor of Medicine at Paris. In 1753, he published his "Conjectures" that Moses appeared to have composed the book of Genesis. Freethought historian Joseph McCabe noted that this was the first time the Mosaic narrative was divided into Jahvist and Elohist documents. According to historian J.M. Robertson, Astruc died without the sacraments. D. 1766.