On this date in 1815, Arnold Krekel was born near Langefeld on the Rhine in Prussia. He moved to the United States with his Catholic parents in 1832, and settled in Missouri. Krekel studied law, was appointed to the bar in 1844, and, in 1852, entered the Missouri state legislature. Krekel became a colonel in the Civil War, and presided at the constitutional convention of 1865 in Missouri, where a document was signed emancipating all Missouri slaves. President Lincoln appointed him a federal judge. Krekel's name was one of the last nominations sent to the Senate before Lincoln's assassination. A decade after his first wife died, Krekel married Mrs. Mattie Parry in 1880, a well-known "Liberal" (meaning freethinking) lecturer in her own right. According to Samuel P. Putnam in 400 Years of Freethought, Judge Krekel was "one of the best judges on the bench" and "a pronounced Agnostic." D. 1888.